Potted trees can make your garden or home more aesthetically pleasing. This is especially true of the bonsai tree types.
A bonsai tree is a miniature tree that is planted in a container. In fact, bonsai refers to the art of planting these miniature trees and is an important part of Japanese culture. While the art was once a preserve of the wealthiest aristocrats and the crème of Japanese society, it is today enjoyed by people across the globe.
While caring for a bonsai tree may seem hard, the truth is, you only need to follow some basic guidelines and your bonsai tree will thrive. Read on to learn about bonsai trees for beginners, and tips to help you care for your trees with ease. Follow Tractor Sprinkler Hub as we take a closer look at bonsai trees.
Positioning Your Bonsai Tree
To pick the right location to display your bonsai, you need to know what kind of tree it is. Is it an outdoor or an indoor bonsai tree?
Outdoor varieties include juniper, spruce, and pine trees. They should be exposed to the seasons. Indoor bonsai trees, on the other hand, are usually subtropical species. A bonsai tree indoors requires stable temperatures all year round. They include ficus trees, jade plants, and Hawaiian umbrella trees.
Once you’ve determined the bonsai tree type you have, the rest is quite simple. Also, keep the following general tips in mind when choosing the location for your bonsai:
- Keep your bonsai away from direct heat or draft.
- Your bonsai should be kept in an area with lots of sunlight.
Your bonsai needs humidity in order to keep its soil moist.
Watering Your Bonsai Tree
Water is a vital ingredient to a successful bonsai. Never allow the soil on your bonsai to become completely dry.
If the bonsai is exposed to full sun, consider watering it once a day. However, this schedule may vary depending on the type of soil, size of the pot, and your bonsai tree type.
It’s important to research the watering needs of each tree and adjust your schedule accordingly. Consider using a water meter until you are sure of the requirements of your bonsai.
Watering needs to be done with a watering can or hose attachment that releases the water somewhat gently. You don’t want to disturb the soil. Keep adding water until it begins to run out of the holes below your pot.
Fertilizing Your Bonsai Tree
Bonsai trees normally get their food from the soil, but this food runs out eventually. You’ll need to replenish it regularly by fertilizing the soil.
It is advisable to add fertilizer about twice a month during the warmer periods of the year. Avoid fertilizing during the winter. You should leave your bonsai to rest during this period. Buying special bonsai fertilizer is strongly recommended.
Trimming and Pinching Your Bonsai
You want to trim and pinch you bonsai periodically throughout the year to maintain its miniature size. Trim and pinch back the new growth to the farthest safe point. Don’t remove all of the new growth – leave some to sustain the tree’s health.
Trees grow at different rates. So, be sure to evaluate each tree’s growth rate and adjust your pruning schedule accordingly.
Repotting Your Bonsai Tree
You can’t speak of how to take care of a bonsai tree without mentioning “re-potting.” Repotting helps to eliminate excess roots that can cause the tree to starve. It also makes your bonsai keep thriving.
You should re-pot your bonsai tree once every 2-5 years, depending on how quickly it grows. Follow these steps when repotting your bonsai:
- Remove the tree from its pot carefully.
- Trim off the outer layer of roots with a pair of sharp shears.
- Check for rotting areas of the root mass and trim away accordingly. These help you find areas with insufficient drainage.
- Clean the pot, removing any green or brown spots.
- Put mesh squares on the drainage hole. You want to prevent soil from falling out.
- Layer the pot’s bottom with soil. Then place your tree on top.
- Fill the rest of the holes and gaps, where the roots previously existed, with soil.
There you have it. We hope these tips will help you take great care of your bonsai tree and make it flourish.